Enhancing Indonesia’s Global Role through Middle Power Diplomacy


Indonesia’s membership with the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) is part of its efforts to reposition Indonesian foreign policy to a Look East Policy, which has emphasized more on ASEAN countries and Western countries.

Indonesia’s presence in the MSG is part of an effort to get closer to countries in the Pacific region, and the participation of Indonesia as an Associate Member of the MSG provides a room for Indonesia to be actively involved in the development programs in the MSG to achieve prosperity for the people of MSG’s member states.

The strategy used by Indonesia to approach the South Pacific region include: Look East Policy; Prosperity for its Neighbor; and Regional Power Policy.

With its supremacy, Indonesia decided to join the South Pacific forum because it feels confident to be an influential country in Southeast Asia. Furthermore, Indonesia has started to give more attention to the South Pacific region.
In comparison with countries in the South Pacific region, Indonesia has an economic advantage, an extensive country, and strong political influence. To be an influential country in the South Pacific region, Indonesia entered in a smooth manner.

In this case, Indonesia is using soft power by means of diplomacy that puts forward its identity as an archipelago, as well as increasing its global role through middle power diplomacy, which exists and contribute to the international world that positions Indonesia as a regional and global power selectively by giving priority to the problems directly related to the interests of Indonesia.

The direction of Indonesia’s foreign policy in the current era of President Jokowi is economic diplomacy. Indonesia’s diplomatic capacity in the economic field is very helpful for Indonesia to take part in the South Pacific region. This economic diplomacy aims to sustain economic independence both nationally and internationally, because with the high level of the Indonesian economy in comparison with countries in the South Pacific region, Indonesia can take advantage of it in providing them assistance.


Tabloid West Papua
No. 004 Tahun I - 15 Februari - 14 Maret 2017

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