Papua is Potential for Being the Biggest Sugar Cane Producer


One of the themes in Papua’s regional development is
‘Accelerating the development of value-added local
commodity-based industries in the sectors / subsectors of
agriculture, plantations, livestock and forestry’.
In relation, Papua develops the MIFEE (Merauke Integrated
Food & Energy Estate) with a land allocation of 1.2 million ha
consisting of 10 Clusters of Agricultural Production Centers
(KSPP). Four Clusters of Agricultural Production Centers that
have been developed are: Greater
Merauke, Kali 2-3 Kumb, Yeinan, and
Bian in Merauke regency.

For the medium term (period 2015
- 2019), the development is directed at
the establishment of central areas of
agricultural production of food crops,
horticulture, livestock and plantation, and
land fishery in Okaba, Ilwayab, Tubang,
and Tabonji Clusters. While for the long
term (period 2020 - 2030), development
is directed at the establishment of
central areas of agricultural production
of food crops, horticulture, livestock and
plantation.

The superior potential of food
crop agriculture in Papua includes rice,
secondary crop and horticulture. The
crops consist of corn, cassava, sweet
potato, red fruit, peanut, soybean and
green beans. While horticulture consists
commodities of vegetables and fruits.
Based on BPS data in 2013, the
production of food crops in Papua
consists of maize production of 9,107 tons from a harvested
area of 4,255 Ha, rice production of 199,362 tons from a
harvested area of 58,634 ha, soybean production of 5,219 tons
from a harvested area of 4,367 Ha, peanut of 2,693 tons from
a harvested area of 2,551 Ha, the production of sago is 7,319
tons from a harvested area of 7,608 Ha, and the production of
sweet potato of 455,742 tons from a harvested area of 34.100 Ha
(2012), and cassava production of 51,120 tons from a harvested
area of 4,253 Ha.

Plantation crops in Papua region that have the largest
production and area are palm oil, coconut, cocoa, and coffee.
Stretched the largest in Papua Province are palm oil, coconut and
coffee production.
The development of palm oil plantations is quite high as palm
oil expansion is widely developed in Papua. In addition to palm
oil, rubber plantation production in the Papua region as a whole is also quite large. Rubber production in Papua has increased
during the period of 2009-2013. In 2013, rubber production in
Papua reached 2,308 tons with Papua Province dominating
production at 2,281 tons.
The territory of Papua is also very potential to be a big
sugarcane producer because it has land for large sugar cane
production outside Java, which is 500,000 ha or 47% of the total
sugarcane area outside Java Island.
In the field of livestock, the
largest population of livestock in the
Papua region is pig, beef cattle, and
goat. 

The largest pig population is in
Papua province at 577,407 in 2012.
In general, most of the livestock
population is in Papua Province as
compared to West Papua Province.
Fisheries and marine potentials
in the Papua region are abundant
because they have large territorial
waters and also have the potential of
various types of marine biota of high
economic value. The fisheries and
marine sector is one of the leading
sectors in Papua Province. Therefore,
this sector has a very wide opportunity
to continue development.
Most of the fishery production
consists of marine captured fisheries
located in Papua Province. In addition,
there is also the potential of marine
aquaculture, ponds, fish net , floating
net and rice fields (mina padi).
Meanwhile, the largest marine aquaculture is found in West
Papua Province, while the largest pond aquaculture is in Papua
Province.

In addition to the development of the primary sector, the
Papua region also has some potential for the development
of secondary and tertiary sectors. In the secondary sector,
the Papua region has the potential to establish leading sector
processing industries (downstream), especially red fruit, cocoa
and coconut industry, agricultural and fishery product processing
industries and mining, oil and gas industries.
While in the tertiary sector, tourism sector has great
potential for development, especially natural tourism, maritime
and culture, which is the destination of foreign tourists and local
tourists, among them is Raja Ampat tourism object in West Papua
Province.

 

Source : Tabloid West Papua 001 Year I - 15 November - 14 December 2017

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