Merauke Food Estate Area To Become a National Food Production Center

The Ministry of Public Works and People’s Housing (Ministry
of PUPR) has developed the acceleration of Merauke Trans
Papua (MIFEE) development as an area that prioritizes
food security, namely Development of Merauke Food Estate area,
which is expected to provide direction for the development and
embodiment of space structure in the region in accordance with
carrying capacity and economic capacity potentials in the region.
In addition, this is intended as an effort to support the
acceleration of integrated regional development between PUPR
infrastructure, other sectors, and local government programs in
order to improve the competitiveness of the region.
The agricultural sector is the most dominant in the economic
growth rate of Merauke Regency, but the land use in Merauke
Regency is still dominated by swamps amounting to 1,296,643
Ha, secondary dry land forests of 702,759 Ha, and primary
dry land forests of 597,768 Ha. While land built in the form of
settlements is only 3.929 hectares.

This is a great potential for agricultural development and
infrastructure development in support of the agricultural sector
and its processing industry in Merauke Regency.
Merauke Regency has a high environmental carrying
capacity for the cultivation area of 45% with an area of
2,093,316.44 Ha, a protected area of 55% with an area of
2,558,027.40 Ha. With a high cultivation carrying capacity
, Merauke regency has potential as a national food production
center.

In addition, Merauke Regency also has potential sources
of raw water in the form of surface water which consists of the
Kumbe River Basin, Maro, Bian, Digul, and Buraka belonging
to lowland rain fed rivers and empties into the Arafura sea. In
addition, there are also quite extensive swamp basins such as the
Biru swamp located at the east of the city of Merauke and always
wet throughout the year.

The irrigation area of Merauke Regency is a part of the
irrigation area of Papua Province whose management becomes
the authority and responsibility of the Government, Provincial
Government, and Regency / City Government.
In addition to the potential development of irrigation
areas, Merauke Regency also has swamp potential that can be
developed and utilized, especially for the development of food
crop agriculture. Potential development of tidal swamp in Okaba
District is 736.621 Ha and only 296 Ha is used.

Several other districts such as Kurik, Tanah Miring and
Semangga also have the potential for tidal swamp development
that are part of the Merauke food estate area. Meanwhile,
potential development for swamps in Kimaan, Salor, Jagebob,
Muing, and Semayam is only in Kimaan, which is developed for food crops covering 443 Ha.
Other support is in the form of road network in Merauke
Regency consisting of a national road network, provincial road,
and district road. Among them is Trans Papua that connects
Merauke City to the border of Merauke Regency with Boven
Digoel Regency. Furthermore, there is a provincial road network
that connects districts in Merauke Regency. Then there is a local
road network that connects the villages within the district.
In Merauke district, there are also many river docks that
can be utilized and developed including Kumbe I dock in Malind
district, Kumbe II in Semangga district, Bian I in Malind district,
Bian II in Okaba and Buraka districts in Tubang district.

The development of Merauke Food Estate area is in three
stages. Phase I covers 10 districts, phase II covers 2 districts and
phase III covers 3 districts. Phase I is based on the existence
of Special Economic Zone in Salor and Kumbe harbor. Phase
II is determined through the consideration of the construction of
Wanam Port as a point of distribution activities of food production.
Phase III is determined through the consideration of two ports
in the area, namely Kimaam Port in the west and Bian Harbor in
the east, which is traversed by the district’s shipping lanes and
supporting the ongoing distribution of food products in Merauke
Regency.

By 2025, the number of residents of Merauke Regency is
projected to reach 278,217 inhabitants and does not result in
significant changes in each district so as not to have implications
for the increasing need for regional infrastructure. Development of
Merauke Food Estate Area tries to meet the needs of agricultural
infrastructure as well as the infrastructure needs of the population
as a system that can support the development of Merauke Food
Estate.

The Food Estate area makes rice as a commodity.
Supporting agricultural crops consist of horticulture crops and
plantations in the form of corn, soybeans, cassava, sweet potato
and peanut, sugarcane, palm, rubber and sago, mango, rambutan
and durian.

The Food Estate area is a sustainable National Food
Production Center with the support of an integrated infrastructure.
It develops urban areas with agropolitan concept, and developing
rural areas as a food production center. In addition, the Food
Estate also develops a viable and healthy rural residential
area through an integrated infrastructure support, enhances
connectivity and transport links between rural areas, develops
rural areas as a center for superior commodity production to
support urban areas, and develops environmentally friendly
agroindustry.

Source : Tabloid West Papua 001 Year I - 15 November - 14 December 2017


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