Cut Price Disparity through the Tol Toll and Air Bridge

Pangkas Disparitas Harga lewat Tol Laut dan Jembatan Udara 

JAKARTA - President Joko Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kalla (Jokowi-JK) since the beginning of the cabinet went seriously to suppress price disparities in some areas, including in eastern Indonesia such as Papua.
One way to reduce prices in eastern Indonesia, by building infrastructure. Apparently Jokowi step to build infrastructure to press the price began to reap the rewards.
It is like that experienced Muhammad Alkatiri, medical students from Fakfak, Papua is studying in one university in Yogyakarta. He admitted, within a year of participants stand up comedy was returned to Fakfak twice.
"Before this two years, the road between sub-districts in Fakfak far enough, but now it has been woken up the way, so the price of gasoline down.If first a bottle of Rp50 thousand but now only Rp10 thousand," he said while talking casually with SINDOnews after appearing in Ref Top Hotel Jakarta, last week.
Alkatiri's confession is not making it up. Indeed since three years ago, the government in the hands of Jokowi-JK continue to make a breakthrough that had never done previous government.
The target, connecting and cutting disparities between West Indonesia and East. There are many programs that are proposed and offered. Among them, sea toll programs, air tolls, our homes, and emerging programs of air bridges and cattle ships.
Toll sea, a program that was pouted at the beginning of the idea of ​​this program, because physically difficult to realize. Moreover, in terms of resources, Indonesia has no capacity.
Therefore, the Surabaya-Madura Bridge that passes over Madura Strait along 5.4 kilometers of its resources is imported from China. Five years more, just finished and funds Rp4, 5 trillion.
Moreover, the sea toll, clearly physically imposible. However, the sea toll program initiated by Jokowi is to build a special vessel line for wiliyah, which he calls three Ts, namely outermost, remote, and leading.
"Effective marine connectivity in the form of a ship that serves routine and scheduled from West to East Indonesia," said Jokowi in quotes presented Kemenhub in every time in the activities of sea-themed tolls.
Data of the Directorate General of Hubla Kemenhub shows there are dozens of sea toll trails. By involving 10 container ships and three cargo ships. It involves a space of 54 small ports in the 3T area, which used Rp355 billion.
The activity center is at the helm of two major subsidiaries owned by PT Pelindo II and Pelindo III, Tanjung Priok Port of Jakarta and Tanjung Perak Surabaya.
With the largest load of Tanjung Perak Surabaya for shipping logistics to the outermost islands in Irian Jaya, Sulawesi and Kalimantan. Tanjung Priok Port of Jakarta for shipping logistics to the outermost island around Sumatra.

Not enough there, in order to support the supply of logistics and other necessities, the government through PT Pelindo II and III make our home program. That is, the program maximizes distribution center warehouse. The purpose is to transit the delivery of food and other necessities.
"In addition to involving seven main ports in Central Java, East Java, Bali, NTB, NTT, South Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan, there are 24 ports such as Dompu, Waingapu, Rote, Sagu and Kalbahu built our home program," said Senior Vice President Marketing and Business PT Pelindo III, Sugiono.
Ironically, the program is not quite accurate in force in Papua. Because, geographical characteristics are different from Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Nusa Tenggara.
Papua in the form of mountains and road infrastructure as transportation has not been maximized. As a result, the government created a new special program program on Earth Cendrawasih. Namely, air tolls and air bridges.
Kemenhub has set aside Rp200 billion to realize the air toll program. There are three airport lines namely Waimena, Timika, and Jayapura. With a cargo plane to transport food and other necessities.
One again, the program that Kemenhub prepared is an air bridge devoted to 12 regions in Papua. In fact, the two-month program has cost around Rp400 billion.
Minister of Transportation Budi Karya Sumadi states, if the program jembatam air focus in Papua. Precisely in 12 remote towns in the hills. Because the program is a national pilot project.
"The air bridge program is more on the concept of distributing logistics better so that logistics, both basic and other materials can be channeled properly," he said.
It's just that both sea toll programs, air tolls or air bridges have a classic problem. The biggest problem of sea tolls, when returning to the west 10 container ships and 3 cargo ships empty alias no charge.
Appears new animal livestock program. Namely, cattle carrier vessels from West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) and East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) to be transported to Jakarta. Therefore, Jakarta and surrounding beef needs large, about 70 thousand head of cattle a month.
Ironically, the carrier ship is not a sea-type ship. So it can be economical and can also help the price margin breeders. However, the Directorate General of Sea Transport Kemenhub has prepared a budget of Rp200 billion for four ships.
"We can not ship any special ships that can transport cattle," said Head of Sub Directorate of Sea Transportation, Kemenhub, Capt Wisnu Handoko.
Even so, trobosan marine toll program is done, also supported Rumah Kita. There are also air toll programs reinforced with the air bridge program is considered quite successful. Succeed in connectivity and trim price disparity.

  "Hopefully we can cut the disparities big enough, but now the average is only about 14% to 20%," said Coordinating Minister for Marine Affairs Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan.
Indeed disparitas can be cut. The price of cement, premium and some other necessities in Irian Jaya and other 3T areas can cost hundreds of fold. But now, with the sea toll program, our homes, air tolls and air bridges are depressed almost the same price in Java.
"Before the sea tolls and our homes, the price of cement in Papua could reach Rp 1.5 million per sack and premium fuel reached Rp100 thousand per bottle retail, but now it can be suppressed," said Senior Vice President of Marketing and Business of PT Pelindo III, Sugiono.
For the sake of suppressing price disparity in East Indoensia is not cheap. Of the several programs rolled out, it takes almost Rp2 trillion to Rp 5 trillion per year.
Not to mention the cost of subsidies borne by state-owned producers of targeted goods such as cement, fuel, salt or other basic commodities. Among them are cement from PT Semen Indonesia (Peraero) Tbk and PT Pertamina (Persero).
Therefore, there is no wrong suggestions involving the private sector. It's just that, when it involves the private then there is a count of profits and losses. So, again the price to reach consumers who live in 3T region will rise again.
"The program of sea tolls, air bridges and the like is very good, in fact, it is effective," said Yukki Nugrahawan, General Chairman of the Indonesian Logistics and Forwarders Association (ALFI), but the subsidized program can not be done continuously.
For Yukki, logistical issues need to be differentiated between two groups. Basic needs groups do require a government presence. However, there are goods that rely on market mechanisms.
"It means, if from the side of the disparity there is a decline, but there after the program is flushed our house price goes up again," he said.
Yukki also suggested, it's good to open a dialogue with the private sector. So, there is a formula that fits again. Thus, the program can be permanent. Because it is impossible to subsidize continuously.


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