Utilization of West Papuan Village Fund Based on Local Resources

By Luis Feneteruma (PMB LIPI Researcher)

Village Law (Village Law) No. 6 of 2014 has been established and run for more than two years with the focus of suburban and rural development in accordance with the Nawacita program. From the total 74,910 villages scattered throughout Indonesia, the eastern region of West Papua province has 1,743 villages in 12 districts. The number of villages is increasing with the new autonomous regions in some regions such as South Manokwari regency, Arfak Mountains regency, Tambrauw regency, and Maybrat regency.

With the increasing number of villages then the amount of village funds disbursed by the central government has changed. In 2017, the total village funding for West Papua Province amounts to Rp1,364,412,395,000, this is bigger the allocation of funds in 2016 amounting to Rp1,074 billion and in 2015 amounting to Rp 449 billion (source: lm, Radar Sorong, July 13, 2017). The amount of village funds for each district of the city is different according to the number of villages owned. The village fund is used to finance the needs of the village, both physical and non-physical development programs.

The question is whether the increased amount of village funds can improve the welfare of the village community? This needs to be well understood by provincial and district / city governments. Then the second question is whether during this village development in West Papua based on the potential of local resources? To answer that, there must be a good village development planning according to the geographical and socio-cultural location of the local community and the priority of village's needs such as electricity, tourism development, fishery, plantation, and others. This should be carefully planned between the provincial and district / city governments so that the direction of village development is right on target and in accordance with the planned objectives. The development of the village may follow long-term planning of the long-term, but it would be good if the basic needs or basic services of the village are filled first in order to support the long-term development planned by the government.

Development of villages in West Papua so far there are successful and some are not successful as reported by the national media. The reason is that the village funds are corrupted and not suitable for allotment. According to data from Koran Tempo dated 04 August 2017, there were 362 reports of misuse of village funds already received by the Corruption Eradication Commission and did not rule out some misuse of village funds from West Papua.
Thus, in the future there should be detailed evaluation by the local government so that the positive and negative side of the village funding can be known and sought the solution. There should be concrete evidence in the field that the village fund is actually used for the development of the needs of the villagers, which during this time is the assessment using the success indicator of the realization of village budget funds that have been absorbed 100% but not in accordance with field facts. So, actually fund is not a single factor of development but what is needed is community commitment in development.

One real and interesting example that the authors see is the result of the construction of one of the villages in the district of West Papua - Malaumkarta village, where the use of village funds was adjusted to the potential of the village that is the construction of hydropower (hydroelectric). This hydropower program was built on a joint deliberation between the village government and all elements of the village community of Malaumkarta. In the work process, they are also shoulder to shoulder in the construction of the hydropower plant, this is exemplary and followed by other villages in West Papua. Village funds should be managed as needed which explores resources or local potential. It is not an arbitrary program to be done but a program that has long-term social and social impacts and raises awareness of the community's working together.

Furthermore in Malaumkarta village planned to be built place of tourism. This idea has been established together in the village meeting later for their tourism strategy has prepared mapping spots that became a tourist destination and mapping other locations such as home stay and parking. In addition, there is also a Turtle spawning center in Malaumkarta that has the support of the Coastal and Marine Resource Management Camp of Sorong by preparing demonstration plots (breeding plots) and tank shelters (baby turtles). This is evidence that the village can become an independent village that can prosper the community with the management of local resources that are owned properly and sustainably.

In addition to the construction of hydropower, tourism, breeding places and turtle shelters have already been explained. In Malaumkarta village also had previously implemented the customary-based marine conservation or commonly known as Sasi (in Moi called Yegek). Sasi was first performed in 2011 and still maintained until now. The results of this sasi help many people in fulfilling their daily needs.

Behind the success of Malaumkarta village's development can not be separated from the active youth role to be the spearhead in moving the concept, energy & time, and their creative ideas. There is an institution founded by the youth of Malaumkarta, named Perkumpulan Generasi Malaumkarta (PGM). The PGM is tasked to plan the development of kampung in Malaumkarta in terms of human resources (SDM) and natural resources (SDA) that exist for the welfare of Malaumkarta villagers who also affect the progress of regional development. PGM is not only made up of youth but also women's shops and custom shops are also involved in the structure of PGM organizations.

The development of the village according to the objectives of the Village Law takes a long time and gradually because there are always challenges that will be faced either from internal or external. Learning from the example of Malaumkarta village, the main thing in the development of the village is the existence of a good village planning and awareness of the community in mutual assistance that can be used as strength and the organization that mobilizes the existing resources. It is acknowledged that there are differences in the potential of local resources that exist in every village in West Papua, but that is not an excuse for not thinking creatively and building. There are many other resources that can be explored for the progress of a village.

Source : http://pmb.lipi.go.id/penggunaan-dana-desa-papua-barat-berbasis-sumber-daya-lokal/

The other link : freewestpapua-indonesia.com / freewestpapua1.com

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