West Papua is Indonesia


Raising Indonesian flag in the delivery of West Papua from UNTEA to Indonesia


Papua is an island located in northern Australia. Papua is the second largest island in the world after Greenland. Most of Papua's land remains jungles. Approximately 47% of the island of Papua is part of Indonesia named West Papua.
The history of West Papua can not be separated from Indonesia. The joining of West Papua became the 26th province of Indonesia in 1969 with the implementation of the Act of Free Choice followed by all representatives of the territory in West Papua in front of the United Nations, and with the adoption of UN General Assembly Resolution No. 2504 dated 19 October 1969, was a long struggle of West Papuans.

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The struggle of West Papuans was to intend an unanimous determination to join and fully sovereign within the Republic of Indonesia. Four years after Indonesia's independence, the Dutch still did not want to leave West Papua. Indonesia tried to continue forcing the Dutch. One of them was through the Round Table Conference (Konferensi Meja Bundar). This conference took place in Den Haag, Netherlands, on August 23, 1949. In the agreement, it was agreed that all of the former Dutch colony was the territory of Indonesia, except West Papua that would be returned by the Dutch to Indonesia 2 years later. But until 1961, the Dutch was still in West Papua. The Dutch not only survived but also did more than that, the Dutch prepared measures to separate West Papua from the Republic of Indonesia. The National Council of Papua was formed by the Dutch (the forerunner of the Free Papua Organization - OPM).

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Thereafter, on December 19, 1961 in the city squre of northern Jogjakarta, President Soekarno (Indonesian President at that time) declared Operation TRIKORA to restore West Papua to the Republic of Indonesia.
Through the efforts of a tough diplomacy facilitated by the United Nations (UN), the Dutch finally signed the New York Agreement (NYA) with Indonesia on August 15, 1962. The New York Agreement (NYA) was to organize a transfer of West Papua that indirectly transferred by the Dutch to Indonesia, it meant that the Dutch would hand it over to the United Nations, and then the United Nations would hand it over to the Indonesian government through a referendum. Then, it happened on October 1, 1962, the deputy of Dutch governor, General H. Veldkamp surrendered his authority over West Papua to UNTEA (United Nations Temporary Executive Authority). The preparation process of the referendum took seven years. Only in 1969, the referendum (The Act of Free Choice) was held in the presence of two UN envoys. The result was that West Papua finally returned to the Republic of Indonesia. West Papua became the 26th province of Indonesia named Irian Jaya.

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